BAS Case Study - March 2023

Component Ratings Each of the component rating descriptions is divided into three sections: an introductory paragraph; a list of the principal evaluation factors that relate to that component; and a brief description of each numerical rating for that component. Some of the evaluation factors are reiterated under one or more of the other components to reinforce the interrelationship between components. The listing of evaluation factors for each component rating is in no particular order of importance. Capital Adequacy A financial institution is expected to maintain capital commensurate with the nature and extent of risks to the institution and the ability of management to identify, measure, monitor, and control these risks. The effect of credit, market, and other risks on the institution’s financial condition should be considered when evaluating the adequacy of capital. The types and quantity of risk inherent in an institution's activities will determine the extent to which it may be necessary to maintain capital at levels above required regulatory minimums to properly reflect the potentially adverse consequences that these risks may have on the institution's capital. The capital adequacy of an institution is rated based upon, but not limited to, an assessment of the following evaluation factors: • The level and quality of capital and the overall financial condition of the institution. • The ability of management to address emerging needs for additional capital. • The nature, trend, and volume of problem assets, and the adequacyof allowances for loan and lease losses and other valuation reserves. • Balance sheet composition, including the nature and amount of intangible assets, market risk, concentration risk, and risksassociated with nontraditional activities. • Risk exposure represented by off-balance sheet activities. • The quality and strength of earnings, and the reasonableness of dividends. • Prospects and plans for growth, as well as past experience inmanaging growth. • Access to capital markets and other sources of capital, includingsupport provided by a parent holding company. 1. A rating of 1 indicates a strong capital level relative to the institution’s risk profile. 2. A rating of 2 indicates a satisfactory capital level relative to the financial institution’s risk profile. 3. A rating of 3 indicates a less than satisfactory level of capital that does not fully support the institution's risk profile. The rating indicates a need for improvement, even if the institution's capital level exceedsminimum regulatory and statutory requirements. 4. A rating of 4 indicates a deficient level of capital. In light of the institution’s risk profile, viability of the institution may be threatened. Assistance from shareholders or other external sources of financial support may be required. 5. A rating of 5 indicates a critically deficient level of capital such that the institution's viability is threatened. Immediate assistance from shareholders or other external sources of financial support is required. Ratings

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